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The Pediatrics Center Pneumonia Information Guide

Pneumonia is the infection of the lungs that can be extremely dangerous among children, so immediate medical intervention is needed to help in reducing the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. The types of viruses causing pneumonia are influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, adenovirus, and parainfluenza. Bacterial infections can also cause pneumonia. The virus or bacteria can be spread from one person to another through direct contact with the mucus or saliva of the infected person and via coughing. Pneumonia is a common medical problem happening to children during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors with closer contact with other people.

Pneumonia produces fever, sweating, chills, cough, fast and labored breathing, widening of the nostrils, wheezing, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. The diagnostic procedure for determining the extent of lung infection is chest x-ray. Coughing is necessary so your child can clear his lungs for excessive secretions so avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants such as dextromethorpan or codeine, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. In order to prevent recurrence and complete eradication of infection, it is important to follow the exactly prescribed antibiotics with the right dosage, time, and frequency, and never discontinue the medication even if your child feels better. It is important to have your child checked by a pediatrician as soon as you are suspecting pneumonia.

It is crucial to check back with your pediatrician if your child manifests any of the following signs and symptoms: fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting). As the popular saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is better an ounce of cure.”, so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. This vaccine is usually given at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. For children at high risk of developing invasive pneumococcal infection such as those with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, they need pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23 from 24 to 29 months of age.

You’ll always find trusted and experienced pediatricians in New Jersey, and The Pediatric Center also offers providence childbirth classes for expecting moms. Contact us now for more details! Let us all work together to keep our children safe and healthy, so if you suspect pediatric pneumonia, better consult a pediatrician promptly before it is too late. The Pediatric Center is willing to help you out.

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May 13, 2018

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